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Machined immersion grating with theoretically predicted diffraction efficiency

Ikeda, Yuji; Kobayashi, Naoto; Sarugaku, Yuki; Sukegawa, Takashi; Sugiyama, Shigeru; Kaji, Sayumi; Nakanishi, Kenshi; Kondo, Sohei; Yasui, Chikako; Kataza, Hirokazu; Nakagawa, Takao; Kawakita, Hideyo
2015, Applied Optics
■ アブストラクト
An immersion grating composed of a transmissive material with a high refractive index (n>2) is a powerful device for high-resolution spectroscopy in the infrared region. Although the original idea is attributed to Fraunhofer about 200 years ago, an immersion grating with high diffraction efficiency has never been realized due to the difficulty in processing infrared crystals that are mostly brittle. While anisotropic etching is one successful method for fabricating a fine groove pattern on Si crystal, machining is necessary for realizing the ideal groove shape on any kind of infrared crystal. In this paper, we report the realization of the first, to the best of our knowledge, machined immersion grating made of single-crystal CdZnTe with a high diffraction efficiency that is almost identical to that theoretically predicted by rigorous coupled-wave analysis.